For visitors who have seen Avatar this article link might have resonance. SPOILER: part of the movie involves the military hiring a social scientist/biologist to study another culture.
The program, called the Human Terrain System, embeds social scientists with U.S. Army or Marine units in combat zones, where they collect ethnographic data on the human populations there. Field researchers submit their findings to military and civilian “analysts” back home, who use those data to create reports on a wide range of topics -- such as social customs and key local conflicts and personalities -- for military decision makers. As of April, the two-year-old program had 27 teams deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan.
But the authors cringed at the notion of field researchers conducting “anthropology” for a program with such an ill-defined ethical framework. “When ethnographic investigation is determined by military missions, not subject to external review, where data collection occurs in the context of war, integrated into the goals of counterinsurgency, and in a potentially coercive environment -- all characteristic factors of the [Human Terrain System:] concept and its application -- it can no longer be considered a legitimate professional exercise of anthropology,” the association wrote in its report. from Military and Anthropology...
1) Human Terrain System at Wiki
2) Mexico and HTS
3) Extensive article in The Washington Post